Vitamins content of spirulina for a good nutrition

Vitamins are organic compounds that act as catalysts or coenzymes in the chemical reactions of the body. Vitamins are required as nutrients in trace amounts by an organism. They cannot be synthesized in sufficient quantities by organisms, and therefore, they must be obtained from the diet. Spirulina contains a wide range of vitamins and the most important of them are presented below.

  • Beta-carotene (povitamin A)

Beta-carotene (provitamin A) is an organic compound found in plants which is converted into vitamin A by the body. It promotes growth and reproduction, while it also contributes in maintaining vision and a healthy skin. Moreover, it is regarded as a potent antioxidant agent, enhancing the immune system. In contrast to vitamin A, beta-carotene has no side effects, even if it is consumed in large quantities.

  • Thiamine (B1)

Thiamine is essential for growth and it contributes to energy release during carbohydrate metabolism. It is vital for the normal functioning of the nervous system, possesses antioxidant activity and ensures proper muscular function.

  • Riboflavin (B2)

Riboflavin plays a crucial role in the development of red blood cells and the production of antibodies, while it contributes to carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism. It is also essential for growth, vision and healthy skin and hair.

  • Niacin (B3)

Niacin is essential in metabolic cell activity and maintains normal functioning of the nervous and peptic system.

  • Pantothenic acid (B5)

Pantothenic acid plays a crucial role in hemoglobin synthesis, by promoting the production of red blood cells, and therefore enhancing the immune system. It is also necessary for the conversion of carbohydrates and fat into energy and for the formation of antibodies, while it is also reputed to be a stamina enhancer. It may be effective in treating depression and anxiety. There is also some evidence that pantothenic acid is used by the body for detoxification and removal of harmful herbicides, insecticides and drugs. Finally, it prevents high cholesterol and protects against cardiovascular diseases.

  • Pyridoxine (B6)

Pyridoxine is essential for protein synthesis and also for the production of neurotransmitters, which are essential for normal brain function. It also enhances the immune system by playing a crucial role in the production of antibodies and leucocytes. In addition pyridoxine contributes to the absorption of vitamin B12 as well as to the synthesis of tryptophan and niacin. Finally, it affects protein, fat and carbohydrate metabolism.

  • Biotin

Biotin increases protein, fat and carbohydrate metabolism, relieves muscular pain, tightens the hair follicles, inhibits early hair greying and acts beneficially against skin diseases.

  • Folic acid

Folic acid contributes to the formation of red blood cells, while it’s essential for the normal functioning of the nervous system and for cell mitosis and proliferation, as well. In addition it promotes fetus growth and prevents heart diseases.

  • Cyanocobalamin (B12)
Cyanocobalamin contributes to the formation of red blood cells, it increases body’s energy levels and promotes the health of the immune and nervous system. Furthermore, cyanocobalamin is essential to food digestion, protein synthesis and carbohydrate metabolism. Finally, it enhances memory and concentration.
  • Vitamin E

Vitamin E is a potent antioxidant agent which protects body cells from free radical mediated damages. More specifically, it protects cell membranes of various cell types, such as blood cells, nervous system cells, skeletal muscle cells and cells of retina. It, also, protects high value nutrients, such as vitamin A, vitamin B complex and vitamin C from oxidation. The protective activities mentioned previously are the result of the synergistic action of vitamin E with other antioxidants, like vitamin C and selenium. In addition, vitamin E is regarded as a potent antithrombotic agent, preventing cardiovascular events, including stroke. Finally, vitamin E facilitates the oxygen transport from blood to the tissues.

  • Inositol
Inositol is vital for hair growth. Also, it is essential for fat and cholesterol metabolism and prevents the hardening of the arteries caused by cholesterol buildup. Moreover, inositol moves fats out of the heart and liver. Finally, according to research inositol exhibits a calming effect on the nervous system, and its potent application for the treatment of depression and panic attacks is currently under investigation.
Spirulina Platensis από το Δίκτυο Ελληνικής Σπιρουλίνας

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