nutritional value of spiroulina platensis

Spirulina is a 100% natural product which contains a variety of nutritional components, that makes it a balanced natural wholefood. It contains great amount of high biological value protein (55-70%) and a wide range of vitamins, metals, minerals and polyunsaturated fatty acids.

Moreover, spirulina is rich in beta-carotene and vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin). More specifically, its content in vitamin B12, which is a vitamin mainly found in animal source food, makes spirulina an ideal source of vitamin B12 for vegetarians.

-         Vitamins

Beta-carotene, (provitamin A), vitamin B complex (B1, B2, B3, B6, B12, Pantothenic acid, Biotin, Folate), vitamin E.

-         Metals/Minerals

Calcium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium, Iron, Manganese, Zinc, Magnesium, Copper, Chromium, Selenium.

-         Fatty acids

Spirulina contains mainly polyunsaturated fatty acids, such as the essential fatty acids gamma-linolenic, alpha-linolenic and linoleic acid.

-         Essential Amino acids

Isoleucine, Leucine, Lysine, Methionine, Phenylalanine, Threonine, Tryptophane, Valine

-         Non Essential Amino acids

Histidine, Alanine, Arginine, Aspartic acid, Cystine, Glutamic acid, Glycine, Proline, Serine, Tyrosine.

In the following table the nutritional profile of spirulina is presented

COMPOSITIONPer 100gPer 3g
Basic Nutritional Components
Energy 319kcal
1332kJ
9.6kcal
40kJ
Protein (g) 64,9 1.947
Total Fat (g) 3.8 0.114
Saturated Fats (g) 1.03 0.031
Polyunsaturated Fats (g) 2.4 0.072
Monounsaturated Fats (g) 0.22 0.007
Carbohydrates (g) 8.4 0.252
Sugars (g) <0.5 <0.015
Dietary Fiber (g) 6.9 0.207
Vitamins
Provitamin A (beta-carotene) (mg) 60.1 1.80   (*37.5%**)
Vitamin Β1 (Thiamin HCl) (mg) 5.3 0.16      (14.5%*)
Vitamin Β2 (Riboflavin) (mg) 2.44 0.07           (5%*)
Vitamin Β3 (Niacin) (mg) 10.8 0.32           (2%*)
Vitamin Β5 (Pantothenic acid) (mg) 1.07 0.03        (0.5%*)
Βιταμίνη Β6 (Pyridoxine) (μg) 549 16.47         (1%*)
Biotin (μg) 44 1.32        (2.5%*)
Folic acid (μg) 827 24.81    (12.5%*)
Vitamin Β12 (Cyanocobalamin) (μg) 182 5.46       (218%*)
Vitamin Ε (mg) 7.78 0.23           (2%*)
Inositol (mg) 8.24 0.25
Metals/Minerals
Calcium (Ca) (mg) 1028.3 30.85         (4%*)
Iron (Fe) (mg) 50.4 1.51         (11%*)
Phosphorus (P) (mg) 1374.8 41.24         (6%*)
Iodine (I) (μg) 22 0.66        (0.4%*)
Magnesium (Mg) (mg) 598.8 17.96         (5%*)
Zinc (Zn) (mg) 6.5 0.195         (2%*)
Selenium (Se) (μg) 59 1.77           (3%*)
Copper (Cu) (μg) 810 24.3        (2.5%*)
Manganese (Mn) (mg) 5.3 0.16           (8%*)
Chromium (Cr) (μg) 110 3.3             (8%*)
Potassium (K) (mg) 1558 46.75      (2.5%*)
Barium (Ba) (μg) 1190 35.70
Cobalt (Co) (μg) 35 1.05
Sodium (Na) (mg) 756 22.68

*  RDA: Recommended Daily Allowance
**Considering that 6μg of provitamin Α are converted into 1μg of vitamin Α

Amino acids ProfilePer 100gPer 3g
Essential Amino acids
Isoleucine (g) 3.41 0.102
Leucine (g) 5.29 0.159
Lysine (g) 2.7 0.081
Methionine (g) 0.78 0.023
Phenylalanine (g) 2.8 0.084
Threonine (g) 2.98 0.089
Tryptophan (g) 1.16 0.035
Valine (g) 3.66 0.110
Non Essential Amino acids
Histidine (g) 0.93 0.028
Alanine (g) 4.92 0.148
Arginine (g) 4.07 0.122
Aspartic acid (g) 5.66 0.170
Cystine (g) 0.18 0.005
Glutamic acid (g) 8.05 0.242
Glycine (g) 3.08 0.092
Proline (g) 2.31 0.069
Serine (g) 2.87 0.086
Tyrosine (g) 2.73 0.082
Fatty Acids Profile
gamma-Linolenic acid (C18:3) (mg) 1960.4 58.81
a- Linolenic acid (C18:3) (mg) 311.2 9.34
Linoleic acid (C18:2) (mg) 138.7 4.16
Palmitic acid (C16:0) (mg) 735.3 22.06
Oleic acid (C18:1) (mg) 157.3 4.72
Myristic acid (C14:0) (mg) 85.9 2.58
Capric acid (C10:0) (mg) 61.2 1.84
Lauric acid (C12:0) (mg) 59.3 1.78
Palmitoleic acid (C16:1) (mg) 48.6 1.46
Stearic acid (C18:0) (mg) 48.3 1.45
Arachidic acid (C20:0) (mg) 42.2 1.27

 

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