essential fatty acids

Proper nutrition and good health provided by spirulina's fatty acids

Essential fatty acids

Essential fatty acids are fatty acids that humans and other animals must ingest since they are necessary for health and they cannot be synthesized the body. The essential fatty acids for humans are alpha-linolenic acid (an omega-3 fatty acid) and linoleic acid (an omega-6 fatty acid).

It has been documented that a rich in polyunsaturated acids nutrition decreases “bad cholesterol” (LDL cholesterol) blood levels, without affecting the “good cholesterol” (HDL cholesterol) blood levels, and therefore contributes to the inhibition of cardiovascular diseases15.

The main fatty acids contained in spirulina are shown below:

15 For more information about the researchers, check the Literature tab

  • Gamma-Linolenic acid (GLA)

Gamma-Linolenic acid is a polyunsaturated fatty acid consisted of 18 carbon atoms and containing three double bonds. It is a prostaglandin precursor. Prostaglandin PGE1 is vital for the regulation of a wide variety of biochemical body functions, such as regulation of arterial blood pressure, cholesterol synthesis15, body reaction to inflammation and cell proliferation. Studies have shown that gamma-linolenic acid exhibits beneficial effects on atopic eczema and premenstrual syndrome treatment, has antibacterial activity and contributes to immune system enhancement27. Furthermore, recent studies have suggested a potential anticancer activity of Gamma-Linolenic acid13 .

13,15,27 For more information about the researchers, check the Literature tab

  • a-Linolenic acid (ALA)

In the human body the synthesis of several important omega-3 fatty acids, such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexanoic acid (DHA), which are vital to normal brain function and development, is based on a-linolenic acid. Moreover, studies have shown that the consumption of a-Linolenic acid has beneficial heart protective and anti-inflammatory effects, as well as potential positive effects to central nervous system function and to behaviour parameters.

  • Linoleic acid (LA)

Linoleic acid is a polyunsaturated omega-6 fatty acid consisted of 18 carbon atoms and containing two double bonds. Subsequently its conversion to gamma-linolenic acid, linoleic acid plays a crucial role in the biosynthesis of arachidonic acid, and consequently in the synthesis of eicosanoids in general13.

13 For more information about the researchers, check the Literature tab

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